|United States Patent||10,026,331|
|Filed: October 26, 2015||Issued: July 17, 2018|
Systems and methods are provided for designing and shaping student experience in an academic course by using a server system and a plurality of remote mobile devices. The educational experience design system registers completion of challenges by text completion codes or quick response bar code reader located on the mobile device processor to credit experience points or debit experience points to purchase course privileges. The course instructor specifies challenge completion codes originating in a plurality of sources resulting in an immersive feedback learning environment. The educational experience design system updates data from external peer instruction systems and from external content systems. The immersive feedback environment, based on open-ended earning of experience points, as well as spending such experience points, shapes student experience in the course based on intrinsic motivation theories. Read more.
WHAT IS CLAIMED:
An educational experience design and experience shaping system, comprising: instructor defines a mission, in the computer server system interfacing with a plurality of remote mobile devices, by providing the XP value, availability, and instructions for completion quantifying course extra credit through experience points (XP), which allows collection of any amount of XP by students to later determine their value in the course by specifying a purchase cost of course benefits maintaining the appropriate academic relation of extra credit to grades; a repository of transactions tracking and facilitating earning and spending of XP, to quantify digitally student experience during an academic course and creating a course currency with XP; instructions, executing on the computer server system, quantifying participation of students during in-person lectures by entering text codes, scanning quick response codes, or updating lecture peer-instruction data, similar to Kahoot!, into the repository of experience points; instructions, executing on the computer server system, for displaying missions or challenges, leaderboard, achievements, peer-recommendations, boss-level missions; said instructions updating experience points based on activity in external in-person lecture peer-instruction systems and homework educational content systems similar to Blackboard Learn, Duolingo, Kahoot!, Cengage SAM, and Pearson MyITLab; said instructions implemented as a wrapper to existing courses in order to preserve and not modify course curriculum, assignment structure, assessment process of coordinated courses.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is in the technical field of education and technology. More particularly, the present invention is in the technical field of software design and process design.
Teaching classroom and online courses is often based on the process of explanation and lecturing. The availability of YouTube and other Internet content creates competition to classroom explanation and, in some courses, makes classroom explanation no longer necessary. When students are motivated to learn in the classroom, they have plenty of openly available resources to transfer the knowledge itself and to construct it.
Theories of constructivism support the idea that in order to assimilate new content the learner needs to be motivated. So, a part of student success in learning is dependent on the emotional state of the student. Further, Benjamin Bloom in 1984 published a paper on Two Sigma Problem, which indicated that when proper teaching techniques are implemented students perform two standard deviations better than without those techniques. This provided evidence that teaching techniques do make a difference in the learning process. Bloom identified one-on-one instruction as the most successful teaching technique, echoing the approach of ancient tutors in Greece. Therefore, both the motivation of the student and the teaching techniques are important. The gamification system presented here allows for motivating the students and reaching out to a variety of personalized teaching techniques.
Technology today can be a bicycle of the mind for teachers to bring higher levels of effectiveness in teaching. There is room for improvement as laid out by Bloom. It is not simply that students are slow to learn. When teaching is aligned with student engagement and motivation teachers can be more effective. Gamification provides principles in this approach.
However, Gartner research noted that 80% of gamification efforts started in 2012 were to fail. This indicates that applying gamification is difficult. Just using leaderboards and using points often fails to accomplish the motivational goal. The point of my invention is to make gameful activities optional, just as learning is optional in any class already. The Educational Gamification System creates a wrapper of gameful activities for the classroom or online courses with no modification to standard curriculum given selected by administration for the class.
The gamification layer in turn allows for multiple paths of difficulty in the course to help students find flow between boredom and anxiety. The Educational Gamification System creates a background failure environment for students to try challenges, experiment, fail, and learn. Failure facilitates learning more efficiently than success. The exams and other graded activities typically focus on success and reward success. The goal of the gameful activities is to focus on re-do, on failure, and count units of progress.
While grades continue to be present and describe the level of achievement in required elements of the class, the gamification points allow for measuring effort, practice, and creation of safe-failure learning environment.
Bloom, B. S. (1984). The two sigma problem: The search for methods of group instruction as effective as one-to-one tutoring. Educational Researcher.
Gartner, Inc. 2012. Gartner Says by 2014, 80 Percent of Current Gamified Applications Will Fail to Meet Business Objectives Primarily Due to Poor Design. Nov. 27, 2012. Retrieved Jun. 13, 2014, from http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2251015
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is a teaching process and software system including web infrastructure and mobile application. It is an educational process to engage students in exploration of a subject matter through gameful activities as a voluntary participation in playful learning.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The invention, Educational Gamification System and Gameful Teaching Process, is a gamification process, which will fit any existing academic course. The curriculum itself and assessments will not be modified. Not modifying examinations or graded assignments maintains the traditional rigor of the course. Further, by keeping the learning objectives and assessments, the performance of students in the course can be compared with similar courses based on grades or other indicators. This way the gamification system is an add-on. The Educational Gamification System is optional to students in order to establish autonomy and open the possibility of the game to be enjoyable. This engenders emotion and opens up learning capacity. Participants collect points for completed missions, which can be any set of activities created by the instructor. These activities can be likened to extra credit assignments with the significant different in not counting directly towards the grade. Students who win the game do not automatically get a good grade in the class. While they do practice more, by completing missions, it would be reasonable to believe that their grades would be positively affected by doing well in the game. Since the game system is not directly related to grades, the pressure to complete the missions under some penalty is much more relaxed than that of grades. The rewards in the Educational Gamification System would be privileges in the course, not grades. Examples of the privileges may be purchasing opportunity to submit a late assignment, high position on the leaderboard, or fewer questions on an exam. The rewards focus on decreasing anxiety during exams instead of manipulating the grade itself.
Referring now to the invention in more detail, in FIG. 1 there is shown the player profile, which is identified an email account. This allows practice systems, like textbook publisher web systems, Khan Academy, Codecademy and other Internet learning systems to integrate into the Educational Gamification System. The points can be associated with a particular profile. Credit for completion of the optional assignments counts toward the game, even if completion doesn’t count toward the grade.
Referring now to the invention in more detail, in FIG. 2 there is shown the game code claiming screen. Each completed mission results in issuing a success code. Such code can be written on the blackboard during class or issued through adaptive release in, an external to the invention, Learning Management System upon completion of an electronic task. A game code can be further shared on social media or a mission can describe how to locate a game code in a textbook. Each game code carries a different weight of points. Some codes can be used only once by a specific person, other codes are shared across groups of players.
The invention is implemented in the mobile app and a web based system, but it could be implemented through other technologies as well as computer desktop application. The process of adding a new layer of low-stake status tracking, specifically game points, over the high stake school grades, creates a new dynamic in the class and encourages autonomy, mastery, and promotes students constructing their own meaning in the exploration of the subject matter.
While the foregoing written description of the invention enables one of ordinary skill to make and use what is considered presently to be the best mode thereof, those of ordinary skill will understand and appreciate the existence of variations, combinations, and equivalents of the specific embodiment, method, and examples herein. The invention should therefore not be limited by the above described embodiment, method, and examples, but by all embodiments and methods within the scope and spirit of the invention.
MyGame mobile app: https://game.dataii.com
Machajewski, S. (2017). Gamification Strategies in a Hybrid Exemplary College Course. International Journal Of Educational Technology, 4(3), 1-16. Retrieved from https://educationaltechnology.net/ijet/index.php/ijet/article/view/20
Ryder, R., & Machajewski, S. (2017). The “UIC German” game app for the enhancement of foreign language learning – Case study. International Journal Of Educational Technology, 4(1), 1-16. Retrieved from http://educationaltechnology.net/ijet/index.php/ijet/article/view/13
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Machajewski, S. (2017). Application of Gamification in a College STEM Introductory Course. (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from Education Resources Information Center https://eric.ed.gov/?id=ED574876
Machajewski, S. (2017). Getting Comfortable with Failure and Vulnerability to Facilitate Learning and Innovation in the Game of School. Great Lakes Conference on Teaching & Learning. Central Michigan University. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cisotherpubs/2/
Machajewski, S. (2016). Building Inclusive University Culture by Gameful Design of Teaching. Lilly Conference. Retrieved from http://scholarworks.gvsu.edu/cisotherpubs/1
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